Geneva Study Bible: "Introduction"

Geneva Study Bible

Old Testament
1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings
1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiah
EcclesiastesSong of SolomonIsaiahJeremiah
New Testament
ActsRomans1 Corinthians2 Corinthians
1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 Timothy
1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John
3 JohnJudeRevelation

The Geneva Bible is the Bible with marginal notes authored by John Calvin, John Knox, Miles Coverdale, and many other leaders of the Reformation. 

The Geneva Bible was the predominant English translation during the period in which the English and Scottish Reformations gained great impetus. 

Iain Murray, in his classic work on revival and the interpretation of prophecy, The Puritan Hope, notes, "... the two groups in England and Scotland developed along parallel lines, like two streams originating at one fountain. 

The fountain was not so much Geneva, as the Bible which the exiles newly translated and issued with many marginal notes... it was read in every Presbyterian and Puritan home in both realms".

The Cambridge Geneva Bible of 1591 was the edition carried by the Pilgrims when they fled to America. 

As such, it directly provided much of the genius and inspiration which carried those courageous and faithful souls through their trials, and provided the spiritual, intellectual and legal basis for establishment and flourishing of the colonies. 

Thus, it became the foundation for establishment of the American Nation. This heritage makes it a Celestial Article indeed! And a treasured possession for any free man!

The 1560 Geneva Bible was the first to have Bible chapters divided into numbered verses.

 The translation is the work of religious leaders exiled from England after the death of King Edward VI in 1553. Almost every chapter has marginal notes to create greater understanding of scripture. 

The marginal notes often reflected Calvinistic and Protestant reformation influences, not yet accepted by the Church of England. King James I in the late 16th century pronounced the Geneva Bible marginal notes as being: "partial, untrue, seditious, and savouring of dangerous and traitorous conceits." 

In every copy of each edition the word "breeches" rather than "aprons" was used in Genesis 3:7, which accounts for why the Geneva Bible is sometime called the "Breeches" Bible. 

The Church of England never authorized or sanctioned the Geneva Bible. However, it was frequently used, without authority, both to read the scripture lessons, and to preach from. 

It was pre-eminent as a household Bible, and continued so until the middle of the 17th century. The convenient size, cheap price, chapters divided into numbered verses and extensive marginal notes were the cause of it's popularity

The Geneva Bible is a critical, yet almost completely forgotten part of the Protestant Reformation.

 Driven out of England by the persecutions of Bloody Mary, several future leaders of the Reformation came to Geneva to create a pure and accurate translation of the Holy Writ. 

Concerned about the influence that the Catholic Church had on the existing translations of the Bible from the Latin, these men turned to the original Hebrew and Greek texts to produce the Geneva Bible. 

This made the Geneva Bible the first complete Bible to be translated into English from the original Hebrew and Greek texts.

The creation of the Geneva Bible was a substantial undertaking. Its authors spent over two years, working diligently day and night by candlelight, to finish the translation and the commentaries. 

The entire project was funded by the exiled English congregation in Geneva, making the translation a work supported by the people and not by an authoritarian church or monarch.

All the marginal commentaries were finished by 1599, making the 1599 edition of the Geneva Bible the most complete study aide for Biblical scholars and students. 

This edition does not contain the Apocrypha. The Apocrypha's notes are minimal or absent in other editions. Additional highlights of this edition include maps of the Exodus route and Joshua's distribution of land, a name and subject index, and Psalms sung by the English congregation in Geneva.

The greatest distinction of the Geneva Bible, however, is the extensive collection of marginal notes that it contains. 

Prominent Reformation leaders such as John Calvin, John Knox, Miles Coverdale, William Whittingham, Theodore Beza, and Anthony Gilby wrote the majority of these notes in order to explain and interpret the scriptures. 

The notes comprise nearly 300,000 words, or nearly one-third the length of the Bible itself, and they are justifiably considered the most complete source of Protestant religious thought available.

Owing to the marginal notes and the superior quality of the translation, the Geneva Bible became the most widely read and influential English Bible of the 16th and 17th centuries.

 It was continually printed from 1560 to 1644 in over 200 different editions. 

It was the Bible of choice for many of the greatest writers, thinkers, and historical figures of the Reformation era. William Shakespeare's plays and the writings of John Milton and John Bunyan were clearly influenced by the Geneva Bible. 

Oliver Cromwell issued a pamphlet containing excerpts from the Geneva Bible to his troops during the English Civil War. When the Pilgrims set sail on the Mayflower they took with them exclusively the Geneva Bible.

The marginal notes of the Geneva Bible enraged the Catholic Church, since the notes deemed the act of confession to men 'the Catholic Bishops' as unjustified by Holy Script. 

Man should confess to God only; man's private life was man's private life. 

The notes also infuriated King James, since they allowed disobedience to tyrannical kings. King James went so far as to make ownership of the Geneva Bible a felony. 

He then proceeded to make his own version of the Bible, but without the marginal notes that had so disturbed him. Consequently, during King James's reign, and into the reign of Charles I, the Geneva Bible was gradually replaced by the King James Bible.

Jewish-Christian Devotional: ADAR II 03

Jewish-Christian Devotional: ADAR II 03

Voice of the Lord

All the mitzvot [commandments] I am giving you today you are to take care to obey (Deuteronomy 8:1).
Jewish Date

This Scripture actually describes God's commandments in the singular (kol hamitzvah). The emphasis is not on following each one of God's instructions as separate or distinct parts. 

Instead, they need to be viewed as a whole, as the Artscroll Tanach reads, "the entire commandment." In other words, each part of the Torah is interconnected. Ya'akov (James) makes the same point as he reflects on this passage in James 2:8-12. This means we cannot treat Scripture as a dinner menu, selecting just those items which are most appetizing.

We are to fully follow God for our entire well-being. We should see ourselves as members of the "613 Club"—there are 613 commandments in the Torah, according to tradition—not the "600 Club" or even the "612 Club." As Yeshua himself makes clear, even the less significant mitzvot areimportant as well (Matthew 5:18-19).

Does this mean that if we can't keep the whole of Torah we might as well give up and not keep any of it? That's like the story of the bear who goes into the cornfield and fills his arms with ears of corn. As he leaves, he drops one ear. Dissatisfied with losing part of his haul, he throws down the rest and goes back to gather more. Again he drops an ear as he leaves the field. Again, dissatisfied, he throws away the remainder and returns to get more. 

He does this repeatedly. Eventually, he goes away hungry. But aren't we hypocrites if we keep only part of the Torah, and not all of it? A hypocrite is one who claims something for himself or herself that is not true. Our inability just makes us inconsistent. As many have pointed out, the only totally consistent people are those who are dead. We should follow God as completely as we can at our present stage of development and seek to grow into following his guidelines more fully. God to enable me to follow him more fully than yesterday.


'Thru the Bible' with Dr. J. Vernon McGee: " GENESIS -Chapter One -Page ONE "

GENESIS -Chapter One -Page ONE

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Dennis Bergman: "Recompense to no man evil for evil."

16 hours ago 

Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. Romans 12:17 

Thank you Jesus for Peace. even in the warring around me. thank you for removing my desire for vengeance and allowing me healing and Hope in Peace through your Holy spirit. 

IN YOUR promise and in your example.

 Thank you for your instruction and the ability to understand your heart. 

YOU keep me from fighting and being pride filled. 

From ego and selfish dreams. 

You alone remove the things in my life I fought for and replaced those feelings with compassion and humility. 

TO understand the sorrow in the hearts of men. 

YOU reveal the things I could never see without your righteousness. 

Thank you for clothing me in it and every good gift you give us all. 

May I always share my gifts and relationship with you with one another. 

You are my relationship thank you PEACE beyond understanding.

READ YOUR BIBLE: March 5th One Year Bible Readings

March 5th One Year Bible Readings

Numbers 4:1-5:31 ~ Mark 12:18-37 ~ Psalm 48:1-14 ~ Proverbs 10:26
~ Click here to read today's Scripture on ~ // Mobile Site Link
~ Listen to today's Scripture on OTNTPsalmsProverbs or (podcast) ~
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Old Testament - Today in Numbers chapter 4 we read about the duties of the Kohathites, Gershonites and the Merarites!  Reading this chapter reminded me of the church where I used to work - where we had to set up and tear down the sanctuary each Sunday, because we were holding services in a rented community center building.  And truly, most Sundays my days felt like verse 31 and the Merarites:""Their duties at the Tabernacle will consist of carrying loads."  But, even though this task of carrying loads back then and today may seem "menial" at first glance, the task was of utmost importance for the community's worship!  So, I hope this chapter can be an encouragement to you if at times you feel like you are simply "carrying loads" at your church - keep in mind it is a holy task that the Merarites faithfully conducted before you in the time of Moses!
New Testament - I have heard Jesus' teaching about the 2 greatest commandments in Mark chapter 12 verses 29-31 summarized as simply Love God & Love People:  "Jesus replied, "The most important commandment is this: `Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is the one and only Lord. And you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul, all your mind, and all your strength.' The second is equally important: `Love your neighbor as yourself.' No other commandment is greater than these.""
Here is a very interesting note about Jesus' quote above from Deuteronomy 6:4 that starts '"Hear, O Israel!" - This verse begins what is known as the Shema - which was named after the first word in this verse and means "Hear."  The Shema became the Jewish confession of faith, which was recited by pious Jews every morning and evening and it is still recited in synagogue services today.  More very interesting information about The Shema from a Jewish website is at this link.
Psalms - Psalm 48 is a celebratory Psalm of Mount Zion in Jerusalem, as verse 8 reads:  "We had heard of the city's glory, but now we have seen it ourselves- the city of the LORD Almighty. It is the city of our God; he will make it safe forever."
I like verse 10 a lot in this Psalm: "As your name deserves, O God, you will be praised to the ends of the earth."  I have had the good fortune to travel many places on this planet, and I will admit that it always encourages me to no end when I see God being praised and worshiped in other cultures.  I always try to visit churches wherever I travel on Sundays, and I love seeing how different cultures worship God.  One of the most memorable experiences was in the Dominican Republic in a very impoverished community.  I honestly don't know that I have ever seen a congregation worship God so wholeheartedly than I did that day in the DR.  It was beautiful.  The other thing I am reminded of when traveling is that when we are in relationship with Jesus, God is always with us no matter where we go.  When we're 35,000 feet above the ground in an airplane, God is with us.  When we're in the middle of nowhere that has no church - God is with us.  So, no matter where we go, if God is with us, we have the opportunity to praise God's name to the ends of the earth!  Even if you're traveling to some far off locale where no one else around you would praise God, will you?
Proverbs - Proverbs chapter 10 verse 26 teaches us: "Lazy people are a pain to their employer. They are like smoke in the eyes or vinegar that sets the teeth on edge."  I think this gives each of us a chance to reflect upon how diligently we work for our employers.  I think about this a lot.  I know there are friends of mine that surf the net at work or send personal emails or play video games.  I suppose some of this is okay, if you really are counting it as "break time" and not letting it eat into the actual hours you are supposed to be working.  I would simply say that I think this is a very slippery slope for each of us - wasting time at work on personal stuff or games on the computers.  I pray that each of us are so diligent to not start down this slope at work...  and if we are on this slope already, to get off of it immediately!   Actually, while I'm going on this tangent, I'll keep going...  :)  A friend of mine once gave me some very wise advice.  He was in a job that he really didn't like.  He knew he wouldn't be there long, and he was looking for other jobs - outside of work time.  But, when he was at this job he was still giving it 100% - he was working hard.  I asked him why he was working so hard if he knew he was leaving soon.  He simply said to me, "Mike, if you pick up bad habits in one job, let me guarantee you that you are going to carry forward those bad habits to your next job.  Don't kid yourself and think that you can turn those bad habits off overnight.  You can't.  I don't want to carry forward any bad habits when I land my dream job."  Wow... what amazing wisdom from my friend here!  I also kind of wonder that if we have bad habits at work, if they will also carry over into our personal lives?  I think they might... I think we'd all do well to meditate on this Proverb and ask ourselves are we really working an honest day's work each and every day for our employer?
Worship God: Today's readings in Mark today about the two greatest commandments reminded me of The City Harmonic's song "Manifesto:"
Have you ever sang loud Amen's like this song? Click here and sing Amen forevermore!
Please join us in memorizing and meditating on three verses of Scripture today: ""The most important commandment," answered Jesus, "is this: 'Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.' The second is this: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'There is no commandment greater than these." Mark 12:29-31 NIV
Prayer Point: Pray that you will love God today with all of your heart, soul, mind and strength. Pray that you will love your neighbor as much as you love yourself. Pray that God would show you today who your neighbor is and that you will love them.
Comments from You & Questions of the Day:  Based on my reflections in the OT, have you ever had volunteer duties at your church that were less than glamorous duties?  :)  Do you think that maybe these duties were actually very glamorous to God, even if they weren't glamorous to the world?  Do you make it a habit of volunteering at your church regularly?  What are some volunteer things you do for your church to help "carry the load" of your church's ministry?  Also, what verses or insights stand out to you in today's readings?  Please post up by clicking on the "Comments" link below!
Love, Trust and Obey Jesus,
p.s. Download our monthly Small Group study notes for our One Year Bible readings at this link.
p.p.s. Download a schedule of our One Year Bible readings for the year in PDF format at this link.

You are free indeed! -Lori Firestone

Following · 3 hours ago 

In Jesus Name, You are free indeed! 

God is your deliverer

Remember what Jesus did for you and never forget, you need Him.

Jesus set you free! Walk in joy with victory! 

Praise God for the Holy Spirit that lives within you!
Follow it’s guidance in your life. 

The Holy Spirits anointing will fall upon you this day
Believe it and receive it , in Jesus Name

Spirit of Wisdom and Revelation in the knowledge of Jesus Christ is upon you this day. Wisdom will have it’s way with you

Out of your heart will flow rivers of living water

Everything you do in word or deed will be done in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

No corrupt word will come out of your mouth, in the Name of Jesus Christ.

You speak life into the lives around you. 

You are an overcomer of the devil himself, by the blood of the lamb

You will be continually filled with the spirit, giving thanks to our Lord Jesus Christ.

You are able to do all things through Christ who strengthens you.

Walk with praise on your lips this day, in Jesus Name!

If this touched your heart, feel free to share it with other's

✫♥•°*”˜Glory belongs to Jesus Christ˜”*°•♥✫
Remember, Jesus Loves You and so do I,
Evangelist/Minister Lori Firestone

DAILY DEVOTIONS: " the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance" -David Wilkerson

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DAILY DEVOTIONS: " the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus "

. . . so that I may finish my race with joy, and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus . . . —Acts 20:24
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DAILY DEVOTIONS: " But the Lord stood at my side " -A.W.Tozer

But the Lord stood at my side and gave me strength, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. Second Timothy 4:17
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